The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a resource for CNS educators, practicing CNSs, CNS students, and others on project management and dissemination. The focus is on quality improvement or evidence-based practice projects.
Project Management: Overview
Project Management Institute. (2020). What is Project Management? Retrieved at:
PM Solutions. (2011). Strategies for Project Recovery: A PM Solutions Research Report. Retrieved at: https://www.pmsolutions.com/news/view/new-benchmark-study-on-strategies-for-project-recovery-reveals-the-average/
Roush, K., & Tesoro, M. (2018). An examination of the rigor and value of final scholarly projects completed by DNP nursing students. Journal of professional nursing: Official journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 34(6), 437–443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2018.03.003
Carter, E. J., Mastro, K., Vose, C., Rivera, R., & Larson, E. L. (2017). Clarifying the Conundrum: Evidence-Based Practice, Quality Improvement, or Research?: The Clinical Scholarship Continuum. The Journal of nursing administration, 47(5), 266–270. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000477
Writing an Effective Executive Summary (n.d.). US Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center https://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmcphc/Documents/environmental-programs/risk-communication/Appendix-E-Guide-to-Writing-Effective-Executive-Summary.pdf
Project Management: Models and Frameworks
Scoville R, Little K. Comparing Lean and Quality Improvement. IHI White Paper. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2014. (Available at ihi.org)
Nurses Guide to evidenced-based practice: Models/Frameworks. (2020) Loma Linda University. https://libguides.llu.edu/evidence
CDC. Program Performance and Evaluation Office https://www.cdc.gov/program/
Iowa Model Collaborative. (2017). Iowa model of evidence-based practice: Revisions and validation. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 14(3), 175-182. doi:10.1111/wvn.12223 https://uihc.org/iowa-model-revised-evidence-based-practice-promote-excellence-health-care
Dang, D., & Dearholt, S. (2017). Johns Hopkins nursing evidence-based practice: model and guidelines. 3rd ed. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/evidence-based-practice/ijhn_2017_ebp.html
IHI Model for Improvement
Lean Enterprise Institute
Lean Six Sigma
Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) IHI Website
Drain, A., & Sanders, E. 2019 Dec 28. A Collaboration System Model for Planning and Evaluating Participatory Design Projects. International Journal of Design [Online] 13:3. Available: http://www.ijdesign.org/index.php/IJDesign/article/view/3486/8
Project Management: Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation
American Medical Association. (2015). Practice Transformation Series: Starting Lean Healthcare-A3 Report. Retrieved at: https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=https%3A%2F%2Fedhub.ama-assn.org%2Fdata%2Fjournals%2Fsteps-forward%2F937327%2F10.1001stepsforward.2017.0065supp4.pptx
GoLeanSixSigma.com What is an A3?
Thomas, P.L. (2020). Developing Metrics that Support Project Plans, Interventions, and Programs. In Harris, JL, Roussel, L., Dearman, C., & Thomas, PL (Eds.), Project Planning and Management: A Guide for Nurses and Interprofessional Teams, 3rd ed. (p.193-220). MA: Jones & Bartlett.
IHI. (2019). QI Project Measures Worksheet. MA: IHI. Retrieved at:
Project Management: Sustaining Improvements
Scoville R, Little K, Rakover J, Luther K, Mate K. Sustaining Improvement. IHI White Paper. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2016. Retrieved at:
IHI. (2019). Sustainability Planning Worksheet. MA: IHI. Retrieved at:
All conferences and journals have specific instructions and guidelines on submissions. Be sure to review them and format your submission according to their instructions.
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Retrieved at: https://apastyle.apa.org/products/publication-manual-7th-edition
Oermann, M. (2019). Writing for Publication in Nursing, 4th ed. New York: Springer Publishing.
Shannon, S. (2011). A Guide to Academic and Scholarly Writing. Oveido, FL: Baldwin Book Publishing.
Understanding plagiarism. (2019). Accredited schools online. https://www.accreditedschoolsonline.org/resources/preventing-plagiarism/
Dissemination: Writing Skills
APA Style https://apastyle.apa.org/
American Psychological Association. (2020). The official manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
American Psychological Association. (2020). Concise Guide to APA Style: The official APA Style Guide for Students.
Ansryan, L. Z., Marshall, C., Aronow, H. U., Chan, A., & Coleman, B. (2019). Inspiring Writing in Nursing: A Clinical Nurse Specialist-Led Program. Clinical nurse specialist CNS, 33(2), 90–96. https://doi.org/10.1097/NUR.0000000000000427
Bloomsburg University. Library Research Tutorial. Retrieved at:
Dexter P. (2000). Tips for scholarly writing in nursing. Journal of professional nursing : official journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 16(1), 6–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/s8755-7223(00)80006-x
Frels, R. K., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Slate, J. R. (2010). Editorial: A typology of verbs for scholarly writing. Research in the Schools, 17(1), XX. https://app.nova.edu/toolbox/APAandAcademicWriting/Editorial%20A%20Typology%20of%20Verbs%20for%20Scholarly%20Writing.pdf
Gazza EA, Hunker DF. Facilitating scholarly writer development: the writing scaffold. Nursing Forum. 2012;47(4):278–285. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2012.00275.x
Nordquist, R. Academic writing. Available at: https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-academic-writing-1689052, accessed 5/4/17.
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL). https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html
- Tschannen D, Anderson C, Strobbe S, et al. Scholarly productivity for nursing clinical track faculty. Nurs Outlook. 2014;62(6):475–481. 10.1016/j.outlook.2014.05.006
Dissemination: Conference Presentations
10-20-30 Rule of Powerpoint (n.d.) Kawasaki, G. https://guykawasaki.com/
Tips for making effective powerpoint presentations. (2020). National Conference on State Legislatures
Dissemination: Poster Presentations
Review the conference instructions for your poster.
How to Create a Research Poster https://guides.nyu.edu/posters
Rethinking the Science Poster https://convention.apa.org/blog/rethinking-the-science-poster
Dissemination: Manuscript Submission
Most journals require authors to format manuscripts using the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE) if you are submitting a QI paper. http://www.squire-statement.org/
Journal Selection- Find journals, authors, or articles at JANE:
Oermann, M. H., Conklin, J. L., Nicoll, L. H., Chinn, P. L., Ashton, K. S., Edie, A. H., … & Budinger, S. C. (2016). Study of predatory open access nursing journals. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(6), 624-632. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12248
Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Updated 2019. http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/