Nursing News

Yes ICAN Act

The battle over the Improving Care and Access to Nurses (ICAN) Act is heating up. The American Medical Association (AMA) is bombarding the media with press releases over the “dangers” of allowing nonphysicians to treat patients.

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Virginia Healthcare Community Offers Safety Tips Amid Surge in Flu, Respiratory Virus Cases and Hospitalizations

The Virginia healthcare community is encouraging Virginians who haven’t done so to get vaccinated against flu, get vaccinated or boosted against COVID-19, and to take personal prevention steps as we enter the flu and respiratory illness season. This year’s flu season is already showing early, concerning signs that it may be worse than in recent years. There are also increasing numbers of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) cases, which may cause serious illness and hospitalization in children and older adults. If these trends continue, this could strain healthcare systems in some communities.

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APP Leaders Discuss What Keeps Them Up at Night

Presidents from 5 advanced practice provider (APP) associations shined a light on strategies to increase the health care workforce, key bills that may change the practice landscape, how to create greater diversity among practitioners, and what keeps them up at night at an online panel discussion held in honor of the second annual National APP Week.

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Urge your Representative to Co-Sponsor this Bill! (

The Improving Care and Access to Nurses Act (ICAN), H.R. 8812, promotes patient access to health care services delivered by the provider of their choice by removing outdated Medicare and Medicaid barriers on advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). We’re calling all CNSs to start a conversation in person and online about ICAN. Let’s continue to advocate and break down barriers for CNSs. To learn more about ICAN visit the American Nurses Association Website.

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Read the most recent press release from our affiliate the Rhode Island Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists

We are pleased to introduce the Rhode Island Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (RI-CNS). RI-CNS serves to meet the needs of CNSs across the state regardless of specialty or area of practice. The mission of RI-CNS is to promote the full scope of practice for CNSs, and to promotes the value and increases the visibility of the CNS among healthcare organizations, administrators, healthcare professionals and the public.

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Augustana University to add master’s of science in nursing program this fall

Augustana University is planning to offer a master’s of science in nursing program starting this fall.

The program will have an emphasis in two areas: adult-gerontology acute care nurse practitioner (AG-ACNP) and adult-gerontology clinical nurse specialist (AG-CNS).

By the summer of 2023, the university will also offer two post-master’s certificate options, including AG-ACNP and AG-CNS.

The program additions are part of Augustana’s “Viking Bold: The Journey to 2030″ strategic plan, which identified the goal of developing graduate degree programs, responsive to new and emerging student interests and community needs.

To gauge the level of demand for graduate nursing programs in Sioux Falls and across the region, the Department of Nursing conducted a feasibility study that included an environmental scan of competitive local and regional nursing programs, comparing curriculum and costs, as well as surveys of prospective students and AU alumni.

The 2021 South Dakota Nursing Workforce Report indicated that more than 78% of certified nurse practitioners in South Dakota are family nurse practitioners and less than 11% had an acute care certification, according to a press release from the university.

The 2021 report also showed that the number of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in the state decreased by nearly 13% from 2018, with another 41% of CNSs stating that they planned to retire or leave practice in the next five years, according to the university.

Prospective students indicated an interest in attaining a graduate nursing degree across more than a dozen areas of specialties, including nursing administration and leadership, ACNP and CNS.

“We are really excited to be entering this phase of nursing education,” Dr. Lynn White, associate professor of nursing, said. “At the same time, we’re also very concerned about, and have an eye on, the nursing and health care workforce needs of the community.”

Currently, South Dakota does not have academic programming that trains acute care nurse practitioners or clinical nurse specialists, according to Augustana University.

And there are very few adult-geriatric acute care nurse practitioners, Pamela Barthle, assistant professor of nursing and an AG-ACNP in cardiology at Sanford Health, said.

“There’s not an abundance in South Dakota because there are really no resources for that,” Barthle said. “I believe the hospitals see the benefit in having that specialty.”

White also said that there’s a gap in clinical nurse specialist education, and there aren’t many CNSs in the workforce in South Dakota and many of those who are in the workforce are of retirement age.

Nurses who hold a Bachelor of Science degree and valid nursing license with nursing practice experience are eligible to apply to Augustana’s graduate nursing program.

The program will be delivered in a hybrid model with the curriculum designed to accommodate students who work while enrolled in the program. The certificate programs will provide an opportunity for nurses who already have received their master’s degree in a different nursing specialty area to become certified as an ACNP or CNS.

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Full practice authority: What it means for NPs

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Liability considerations as nurse practitioners’ scope of practice expands

Multiple studies have proven the effectiveness of nurse practitioners (NPs) in improving patient outcomes, yet for many years, the push for NPs to gain full practice authority (FPA) has been an uphill battle. Fortunately, recent developments have led to significant progress with achieving FPA for NPs in the United States. This is good news for NPs — and for patients — but it’s crucial to understand that FPA comes with professional responsibilities and the need to protect yourself against potential liability.

FPA defined

According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP), state practice and licensure laws related to NPs fall into three categories: restricted, reduced, and full.

FPA laws and regulations enable NPs to practice to the full extent of their education, training, and certification, without physician oversight. NPs can evaluate patients, diagnose, order, and interpret diagnostic tests, and initiate and manage treatments (including prescribing medications and controlled substances) under the licensing authority of the State Board of Nursing.

Reduced practice limits NPs’ ability to engage in at least one element of their practice. For example, the NP may not be able to prescribe controlled substances. The law requires NPs to have a collaborative agreement with another healthcare provider to provide patients care or limits the setting of one or more elements of NP practice.

When their practice is restricted, NPs are restricted in their ability to engage in at least one element of their practice, and they are required to have supervision, delegation, or team management by another health provider to provide care.

According to the AANP, 24 states and the District of Columbia allow FPA, 15 have reduced practice, and 11 have restricted practice.

Drivers of FPA

Trends driving FPA include the COVID-19 pandemic, recognition of how NPs can improve the nation’s healthcare, a shortage of primary care providers, and the shift in care away from hospitals.

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted several states and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to ease or suspend supervision requirements and modify some practice requirements to enhance providers’ ability to provide care and address physician shortages. It’s expected that many of these changes will remain even after the pandemic subsides. The demand for care created by the pandemic came on top of an aging population and the implementation of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, which enabled millions of people to obtain coverage for healthcare.

NPs’ role in the nation’s health received major support from the 2021 report, The Future of Nursing 2020-2030: Charting a Path to Achieve Health Equity. The report, published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, calls for eliminating restrictions on the scope of practice; doing so will “increase the types and amount of high-quality health care services that can be provided to those with complex health and social needs and improve both access to care and health equity.”

According to data from the Health Resources & Services Administration, as of November 2021, 85 million people list in areas with a shortage of primary care providers. Rural areas are more likely than urban areas to have shortages. In 2020, the Association of American Medical Colleges predicted that the shortage of primary care physicians would be between 21,400 and 55,200 by 2033. (Those figures jump to 54,100 and 139,000 when specialty physicians are included.)

About 70% of NPs deliver primary care, according to the AANP, making them an ideal source to provide care in underserved areas. In fact, a 2021 study by Xu and colleagues noted that many NPs are already working in states with an inadequate supply of primary care providers to care for patients who are dual-eligible for Medicare and Medicaid. Yet these states, primarily in the Southeast, often restrict practice, hampering access. In addition, a 2018 report from UnitedHealth estimated that if NPs had FPA, there would be a 70 percent reduction in the number of people living in areas with a primary care shortage.

The shift of care away from hospitals has driven the need for NPs with FPA so they can practice autonomously. For example, NPs provide much of the care in retail clinics and urgent care centers. Models that focus on population health, such as accountable care organizations, also provide an ideal setting for the autonomous NP. And NPs are playing greater roles in home and long-term care.

It’s worth noting that a diverse group of organizations support FPA for NPs, including AARP, the Federal Trade Commission, National Academy of Medicine, National Council of State Boards of Nursing, and the Department of Veterans Affairs, which granted FPA to NPs in 2016.

FPA and liability

FPA is the gold standard for NP practice, but it also may increase the risk of liability, particularly in areas related to the scope of practice, medications, and diagnosis. For example, according to the NSO Nurse Practitioner Claim Report: 4th Edition, claims related to diagnosis rose from 32.8 percent in 2012 to 43 percent in 2017. In the same time frame, the percent of claims related to medications increased from 16.5 percent to 29.4 percent, and those related to scope of practice jumped from 0.5 percent in 2012 to 4.2 percent.

To protect yourself, periodically review your coverage with your insurance provider to ensure it is sufficient based on your practice specialty (e.g., adult medical/primary care and family practice made up 53.7 percent of closed claims in the NSO report) and location (the most common areas of closed claims are physician or NP office practices and aging services/skilled nursing settings). You also should have coverage related to actions that could be brought against your license.

Avoiding liability

To avoid liability as an NP, ensure you are practicing under the laws and regulations in the state(s) where you are licensed. You can find a summary of information at the AANP website
(, but you’ll still need to review the state’s Nurse Practice Act in detail.

You also should consider how you can reduce your risk of liability in a variety of areas, including your relationship with your patients (e.g., communicate clearly and work with patients to identify goals),  documentation of patient information (e.g., keep records secure and don’t make subjective comments), informed consent (e.g., explain risks and take time to answer questions), patient education (e.g., use the teach-back method to ensure understanding and document education in the health record), and barriers to compliance (e.g., be nonjudgmental and identify patient concerns). Pay particular attention to medication safety (see: Reducing liability).

Positioned to succeed

NPs with FPA are well-positioned to improve patients’ access to care and to deliver excellent care to those who seek their help. However, NPs also must ensure that they protect themselves from liability related to lawsuits and actions against their licenses.

NACNS Sponsored Article by Georgia Reiner, MS, CPHRM, Risk Specialist, NSO

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